Sorghum is an annual erect plant that bears a cereal seed that is used the world over as a food and feed and for a long list of other uses as well. It comes from the family of "Poaceae" and grows to a height around 6 feet, though for harvesting ease, many dwarf types of plant are also produced. The cereal crop is perennial in nature possessing corn like leaves and bearing the grain in a compact cluster. Approximately 30 other species are cultivated for the sorghum genus.
The sorghum grain is an important cereal grain that is said to be the staple food of the poor in many countries. The grain is similar to that of maize but having more fats and proteins. This proves beneficial for the livestock and hence is the reason of the popularity of the crop as a feed. it is also known with different names depending upon the geographical are including Durra, Egyptian millet, Guinea corn, Jowar, Juwar, Milo, Shallu and Sudan grass.
Sorghum is the fifth most important cereal crop in the world after wheat, rice, maize and barley. It is found in the arid and semi arid parts of the world, due to its feature of being extremely drought tolerant. The nutritional value of sorghum is same as of that of corn and that is why it is gaining importance as livestock feed. Sorghum is also used for ethanol production, producing grain alcohol, starch production, production of adhesives and paper other than being used as food and feed.
Maize is commonly known as corn in some countries. The growing of corn first began in Mesoamerica and has since spread throughout the American continents. Today maize is the largest crop in the Americas. There has been much disagreement about the origin of maize in Mesoamerica. There are some reports that the Spanish first grew maize in southern Mexico. The domestication of maize has been dated back as far back as 12,000 years ago.
The United States produces the largest amount of maize throughout the world, but there are other countries that also produce high quantities of maize as well such as China, Brazil and South Africa. In 2003 there was six hundred metric tons of maize produced in the world. Maize can only be produced in areas that do not have extreme cold temperature, as it is a cold-intolerant crop.
Bajra is a rapid-growing warm weather crop suitable for areas with 40-75 centimeter of annual rainfall. For the vegetative growth of crop moist weather is useful. The crop does best under conditions of light shower followed by bright sunshine. The best temperature for growth of bajra is between 20-28 degree centigrade.
In India bajra is grown over an area of 11.34 million hectares with total production of 5.5 million tons. It is grown everywhere in India. It is generally grown in the areas of low rainfall and in poor soils.
Bajra is grown as a Kharif season crop in northern India; but with irrigation it can be grown as a summer crop in southern India.
Wheat was introduced in Mexico by the Spaniards around 1520, and to early American colonists in the 1600's . At that time it was not popular in New England due to the soils and climate, but in the mid 1800's wheat was grown from seeds introduced by migrating Europeans and agricultural scientists in the area that would later be called the "Wheat Belt."
Wheat is generally grown intended for food for humans, but lesser quality wheat and the nutrient-dense by-products of flour refining are used for animal feed. Wheat is also used for whiskey and beer production, and the husk can be separated and ground into bran. Before the introduction of corn into Europe, wheat was the principal source of starch for sizing paper and cloth.
A bottle gourd vine is quick-growing, with a hairy stem, long forked tendrils, and a musky odour. The large, showy white flowers and dense foliage make it a popular screen and ornamental plant. The hard-shelled fruits, edible when young, are made into water bottles, dippers, spoons, pipes, and many other utensils and containers. A bottle gourd vine is quick-growing, with a hairy stem, long forked tendrils, and a musky odour. The large, showy white flowers and dense foliage make it a popular screen and ornamental plant. The hard-shelled fruits, edible when young, are made into water bottles, dippers, spoons, pipes, and many other utensils and containers. A bottle gourd vine is quick-growing, with a hairy stem, long forked tendrils, and a musky odour. The large, showy white flowers and dense foliage make it a popular screen and ornamental plant. The hard-shelled fruits, edible when young, are made into water bottles, dippers, spoons, pipes, and many other utensils and containers.
Bright, vibrant-looking spinach leaves are not only more appealing to the eye but more nourishing as well. Recent research has shown that spinach leaves that look fully alive and vital have greater concentrations of vitamin C than spinach leaves that are pale in color. The study authors suggest that the greater supply of vitamin C helps protect all of the oxygen-sensitive phytonutrients in the spinach leaves and makes them looking vibrant and alive.
Many people are concerned about the nutrient content of delicate vegetables (like baby spinach) when those vegetables are placed in clear plastic containers in grocery store display cases and continuously exposed to artificial lighting. One recent food study has shown that you don't need to worry about the overall status of antioxidants in baby spinach that has been stored and displayed in this way. In this scientific study, the overall nutrient richness of the baby spinach when exposed to constant light was actually higher than the overall nutrient richness of baby spinach leaves kept in total darkness. The period of time in the study was 9 days, and the spinach was kept at 39°F/4°C (a temperature on the lower end of the scale for most home refrigerators). These findings are good news for anyone purchasing baby spinach in "ready-to-eat" containers.
CARROT not only contain vitamin A which is good for the eyes. More than that, carrots contain many nutrients and minerals to prevent stroke. Carrots are known to contain vitamin A which is very high. Carrots have other elements such as calories, protein, carbohydrate, calcium, and iron. Carrots are the plants that are planted throughout the year and can grow in all seasons, especially in mountainous areas that have cold temperatures and damp. Carrots are vegetables easily available and very much beneficial for health.
There are some people, especially children who do not like this vegetable because not yet know whether the benefits of carrots are very rich in vitamins.
Bitter gourd is one of the best vegetable-fruit that helps improve diabetic and toxemia conditions.
The bitter gourd looks like a cucumber but with ugly gourd-like bumps all over it.As the name implies, this vegetable is a melon that is bitter. There are two varieties of this vegetable: One grows to about 20 cm long, is oblong and pale green in color. The other is the smaller variety, less than 10 cm long, oval and has a darker green color.Both varieties have seeds that are white when unripe and that turn red when they are ripe. The vegetable-fruit turn reddish-orange when ripe and becomes even more bitter.Bitter gourd thrives in hot and humid climates, so are commonly found in Asian countries and South America.Westerners may not be so used to bitter melons, so may find them more difficult to consume. But if you can generally take bitter taste, you may be able to take this too. Try it, at least for all its healthful virtues!
The coconut fruit produces buko, often used for salads, halo-halo( crushed ice with sweetened fruit), sweets and pastries. Buko is of three kinds: mala-kanin, or having the consistency of boiled rice; mala-uhog, mucus-like consistency and ready for eating; and mala-katad, or like leather. The last kind is the one used for making sweets.
A mature coconut, or niyog is used in making sweets and special Filipino dishes.
The "sport fruit" of the coconut is the makapuno. Considered a delightful delicacy and largely used for making preserves and ice-cream, it cannot be kept in storage and will not germinate. It has three layers: semi-acid, soft and hard meat.
The mango originated in Southeast Asia where it has been grown for over 4,000 years. Over the years mango groves have spread to many parts of the tropical and sub-tropical world, where the climate allows the mango to grow best. Mango trees are evergreens that will grow to 60 feet tall. The mango tree will fruit 4 to 6 years after planting. Mango trees require hot, dry periods to set and produce a good crop.
Mango the king of fruits is india’s most important export product. alphanso and kesar are the famous varieties of mango.